HELLP syndrome is a rare but serious condition. It is a form of severe preeclampsia that occurs during pregnancy or just after delivery. HELLP stands for:

  • H emolysis
  • E levated
  • L iver enzymes
  • L ow
  • P latelet count

HELLP involves three types of problems:

  • Hemolysis is the destruction of red blood cells. This can lead to anemia.
  • High levels of liver enzymes. Liver enzymes are chemicals in the blood that show how well the liver is working. High levels of enzymes mean the liver has been damaged.
  • Low platelet count. Platelets are components that help stop bleeding. A low level of platelets can lead to problems with bleeding.
Red Blood Cells
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The Liver
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The causes of HELLP syndrome are not known.