Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common infection caused by a type of herpes virus. It can cause swollen lymph glands, fever, and fatigue. Most people with CMV do not show symptoms of infection and are not aware they have it. A CMV infection usually occurs in young adults. The virus then remains in your body for the rest of your life. It is often in a sleeping state but can be activated by stressful situations.

CMV infections rarely causes health problems except for people with compromised immune systems such as those with:

  • Organ transplant
  • HIV infection
  • Immune suppressing medication

Babies who are not born yet are also at risk for congenital CMV.

The Lymphatic Organs
The Lymphatic Organs
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The virus is passed between people through body fluids. CMV can be passed during:

  • Kissing
  • Sexual intercourse
  • Breastfeeding
  • Changing the diaper of an infected infant