A phobia is an intensely fearful response to a situation or object. Phobias can interfere with different aspects of your life. Most phobias develop in childhood, though some develop during adulthood.

There are many kinds of phobias, which can be grouped into these categories:

  • Agoraphobia —Fear of being trapped in places or situations where escape could be difficult or impossible
  • Social phobia —Fear of social situations and being judged or evaluated by others
  • Specific phobia—Fear of a specific object or a situation

People with phobias don't have any control over their anxiety. Treatment includes medications and counseling.

The cause of phobias is unknown.It may be a combination of genetic factors, family environment, critical life stressors, and underlying temperament that interact to enhance or trigger cerebral fear networks