Leukodystrophy is a break down of a part of the brain called the myelin, which is also called white matter. Myelin protects the part of the nerve that sends signals from the brain to the rest of the body. The break down of myelin makes it difficult for the brain to send signals to the body. Leukodystrophy is a rare disease.
Types of leukodystrophies include:
- Metachromatic leukodystrophy
- Krabbé disease
- Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease
- Canavan disease
- Childhood ataxia with central nervous system hypomyelination (CACH), which is also called vanishing white matter disease
- Alexander disease
- Refsum disease
- Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis
Most leukodystrophies begin in infancy or childhood. However, there are several types that may not begin until adolescence or early adulthood.
Neuronal Axon With Myelin Sheath
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