Malingering is when a person exaggerates or makes up a physical or psychological illness or injury to seek personal gain (such as paid sick leave, worker's compensation, avoiding military duty, obtaining financial compensation, obtaining drugs). It is a voluntary behavior directed toward achieving a certain goal. It is not thought to be a form of mental illness. But it can exist in the context of other mental illnesses.
Malingering is not considered a mental disorder. It occurs when a person intentionally fakes symptoms for personal gains. It is caused by external factors that motivate the malingering. It is often associated with antisocial personality disorder.
Last reviewedJanuary 2013by Brian Randall, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.