Treatment for inflammatory bowel disease aims to control symptoms and reduce inflammation in the bowel and throughout the body. Controlling inflammation is important to manage complications and improve quality of life. Hospitalization may be needed to control symptoms of severe flare-ups.

Treatment involves the following:

Other experimental therapies are still being studied for use in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. These therapies are not yet approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). You may want to ask your doctor about taking part in a clinical trial.