image for eye movement article The word hypnosis makes many think of mind control, past life regression, entertainment, and even habit control. But, what is hypnosis? According to the American Society of Clinical Hypnosis, it is "a state of inner absorption, concentration, and focused attention." While in this calm and relaxed state, you may be more willing to accept suggestions made by the hypnotherapist. These suggestions are geared toward the goal that you are working on, such as reducing chronic pain.

Very few practitioners actually swing the gold watch popularized by movies and television. Instead, the hypnotherapist talks to you, and you actively participate in achieving the hypnotic state. Progressive relaxation techniques, verbal repetition, or mental images are commonly used. When you are in the hypnotic state, the hypnotherapist makes suggestions based on your goal. At the end of the session (usually 30-60 minutes), you either come out of the trance on your own or the hypnotherapist assists you to end the hypnotic state.

Most hypnotherapists acknowledge the importance of individual abilities and differences within the person being hypnotized. Being hypnotized is affected by your capacity to:

  • Focus attention and concentration
  • Become absorbed in an activity
  • Engage your imagination
  • Play a role
  • Act upon suggestions
  • Trust the hypnotherapist

Some people are more susceptible to hypnosis than others. The combination of a skillful hypnotherapist and a subject that is easily hypnotized may be able to produce positive results. In general, most people can experience hypnosis to at least some degree. But, if you are not easily hypnotized or reject the techniques, then it will not work. You are the primary influence as to whether hypnosis will happen or not and the extent to which it will occur. And, despite common misconceptions, if you are hypnotized, you will not lose control over your behavior or forget what happened during the session.