Practical Prevention—Testicular Cancer Strikes Young
Most young men aren't concerned about major health issues like cancer. Most cancers do in fact occur later in life, but testicular cancer is most common in young men.
The good news is that testicular cancer is uncommon and highly curable. Treatment advances have led to a much lower death rate from this cancer than in the past. There is an 85%-90% five-year survival rate, and a 99% survival rate for testicular cancer that is found in the earliest stages.
As with most cancers, the key to the best outcomes are awareness and early detection.
There is no known cause for testicular cancer. It is probably a combination of genetic and environmental factors that lead to testicular cancer. Some factors that have been linked to an increased risk of this cancer include:
- Undescended testicle (having a testicle that has not fully descended into the scrotum, even if surgery was done to remove it or bring it down)
- Family history of testicular cancer increases your risk by 4 to 9 times
- Young age (more than 50% of cases occur between the ages of 20-44 years)
- Race: White men have a higher risk
Last reviewedNovember 2012by Brian Randall, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.