Female Sexual Dysfunction
Female sexual dysfunction refers to recurrent problems during any phase of the sexual response cycle (excitement, plateau, orgasm, resolution) that causes distress or negatively affects your relationship with your partner. This condition affects 43% of women of all ages and is most common in those aged 45-64.
The following factors tend to be related:
Conditions that may cause problems with sexual function include diabetes, heart disease, cancer, neurological disorders (depression, anxiety, history of sexual abuse), arthritis, fatigue, headaches, urinary or bowel difficulties, alcoholism, and drug abuse. The side effects of certain medications, including antidepressant drugs, blood pressure medications, andchemotherapy drugs, can affect sex drive and functioning.
During menopause in particular, estrogen levels decrease, which can cause changes to occur in your genital tissues and your sexual responsiveness. Intercourse may become painful (dyspareunia), and/or it may take longer for you to achieve an orgasm.
Untreated emotional and psychological issues need to be addressed for treatment to be effective. Factors that affect sexual functioning may include anxiety, depression, stress, sexual abuse in the past, self-perception during and after pregnancy, and conflict with you partner.
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Last reviewedDecember 2013by Andrea Chisholm, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.