A foot fracture is a break in any of the bones in the foot.

The foot is made up of 26 small bones. The tarsus is the seven bones that make up the hindfoot and the midfoot. The forefoot consists of the five metatarsals and the 14 phalanges. There are two phalanges in the big toe and three in each of the remaining toes.

A foot fracture can happen in any foot bone, but metatarsal fractures are the most common.

Phalanx Fracture of the Foot
Nucleus factsheet image
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

A foot fracture is caused by trauma to the bone. Trauma includes:

  • Falls
  • Blows or object falling on the foot
  • Collisions
  • Severe twists

When a bone is subjected to repeated stress over a long time, small cracks may form. These are called stress fractures. Certain bones (metatarsals and the talus) in the foot are at higher risk for this type of fracture.