Treatment of Varicose Veins of the Leg
This procedure involves the removal or destruction varicose veins that are just under the skin.
There are different methods to remove veins, such as:
- Sclerotherapy—injects the varicose veins with a chemical to shrink the veins
- Radiofrequency occlusion—collapses and seals varicose veins using radiofrequency energy
- Vein stripping
- A surgical procedure called phlebectomy
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Veins have one-way valves to channel blood back to the heart. Varicose veins develop when the valves of the veins become damaged. This causes blood to pool in the veins, enlarging them and often making the veins just beneath the skin visible. The skin can also turn dark purple or brown because of increased pressure.
Treatment may be done for cosmetic and health reasons. In some cases, the areas of discolored skin may break down and form open sores, called stasis ulcers. Clots can also form in the pooled blood. When the valves are functioning poorly, your leg may burn, ache, or throb.
Treatment for this condition can involve either destroying or removing the damaged veins.
Last reviewedAugust 2013by Michael J. Fucci, DO; Brian Randall, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.