Most babies move into a head-down position in the uterus before labor begins. If a baby’s buttocks or feet are in position to come out first, the baby is in a breech position. There are three types of breech presentations:

  • Frank breech—the baby’s buttocks are down and the legs extend straight up in front of the body with the feet up near the head
  • Complete breech—the baby’s buttocks are down with the legs bent at the knees and the feet near the buttocks
  • Footling or incomplete breech—one or both of the baby’s feet are down

More complications can occur in a breech delivery. Almost all breech babies are delivered by cesarean section. If your baby is in a breech position as you near the end of your pregnancy, talk to your doctor about trying to change the position of the baby, or a cesarean section delivery.

Complete Breech Birth Position
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Certain factors can make it difficult for the baby to move but the exact cause is not fully understood.